• 28 de Setembro, 2011
  • Por Carlos Esperança
  • Ateísmo

Desmascarando a mentira sobre a fé de Einstein

O que se segue traduz o pensamento de Einstein sobre Deus, Religião e Judaismo, em 1954, um ano antes da sua morte.
É a tradução para inglês, feita por Joan Stambaugh, do original alemão de parte de uma carta que Albert Einstein escreveu de Princeton, em Janeiro de 1954, ao filósofo alemão Eric B. Gutking, a propósito do livro Choose Life: The Biblical Call to Revolt que este filósofo havia publicado em 1952. O manuscrito foi posto a leilão pela firma Bloomsbury de Londres por £8000, tendo sido vendido por £170000!!!, em 15 de Maio de 2008.  


«… I read a great deal in the last days of your book, and thank you very much for sending it to me. What especially struck me about it was this. With regard to the factual attitude to life and to the human community we have a great deal in common.

The word God is for me nothing more than the expression and product of human weaknesses, the Bible a collection of honourable, but still primitive legends which are nevertheless pretty childish. No interpretation no matter how subtle can (for me) change this. These subtilised interpretations are highly manifold according to their nature and have almost nothing to do with the original text. For me the Jewish religion like all other religions is an incarnation of the most childish superstitions. And the Jewish people to whom I gladly belong and with whose mentality I have a deep affinity have no different quality for me than all other people. As far as my experience goes, they are also no better than other human groups, although they are protected from the worst cancers by a lack of power. Otherwise I cannot see anything ‘chosen’ about them.

In general I find it painful that you claim a privileged position and try to defend it by two walls of pride, an external one as a man and an internal one as a Jew. As a man you claim, so to speak, a dispensation from causality otherwise accepted, as a Jew the priviliege of monotheism. But a limited causality is no longer a causality at all, as our wonderful Spinoza recognized with all incision, probably as the first one. And the animistic interpretations of the religions of nature are in principle not annulled by monopolisation. With such walls we can only attain a certain self-deception, but our moral efforts are not furthered by them. On the contrary.

Now that I have quite openly stated our differences in intellectual convictions it is still clear to me that we are quite close to each other in essential things, ie in our evalutations of human behaviour. What separates us are only intellectual ‘props’ and ‘rationalisation’ in Freud’s language. Therefore I think that we would understand each other quite well if we talked about concrete things. With friendly thanks and best wishes

Yours, A. Einstein»

Depois disto, julgo que não ficam dúvidas sobre o que Einstein pensava, que é muito diferente daquilo que muitos comentaristas do DA gostavam que ele tivesse pensado.